An appeal is a court action that seeks to have a lower court's decision reversed by a higher court.
There are many different grounds to file an appeal.
De jure Latin, meaning in law. Something that exists by operation of law.
De novo Latin, meaning anew. A trial de novo is a completely new trial. Appellate review de novo implies no deference to the trial judge's ruling.
Deposition An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial. See discovery.
Discharge A release of a debtor from personal liability for certain dischargeable debts. Notable exceptions to dischargeability are taxes and student loans. A discharge releases a debtor from personal liability for certain debts known as dischargeable debts and prevents the creditors owed those debts from taking any action against the debtor or the debtor's property to collect the debts. The discharge also prohibits creditors from communicating with the debtor regarding the debt, including through telephone calls, letters, and personal contact.
Dischargeable debt A debt for which the Bankruptcy Code allows the debtor's personal liability to be eliminated.
Disposable income Income not reasonably necessary for the maintenance or support of the debtor or dependents. If the debtor operates a business, disposable income is defined as those amounts over and above what is necessary for the payment of ordinary operating expenses.
Docket A log containing the complete history of each case in the form of brief chronological entries summarizing the court proceedings.
Due process In criminal law, the constitutional guarantee that a defendant will receive a fair and impartial trial. In civil law, the legal rights of someone who confronts an adverse action threatening liberty or property.
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