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Sobriety tests are tests that are condujctged by a law enforcement officer tha tis used to determine if a suspect is intoxicated or impaired at the time of the operation of a motor vehicle.

There are generally three types of tests that are given which is a balancing test, a walking test and an eye test.

Legal Terms

Exclusionary rule Doctrine that says evidence obtained in violation of the criminal defendant's constitutional or statutory rights is not admissible at trial.

Exculpatory evidence Evidence indicating that a defendant did not commit the crime.

Count An allegation in an indictment or information, charging a defendant with a crime. An indictment or information may contain allegations that the defendant committed more than one crime. Each allegation is referred to as a count.

Credit counseling Generally refers to two events in certain bankruptcy cases the individual or group briefing from a nonprofit budget and credit counseling agency that individual debtors must attend prior to filing under any chapter of the Bankruptcy Code; and 2 the instructional course in personal financial management in chapters 7 and 13 that an individual debtor must complete before a discharge is entered. There are exceptions to both requirements for certain categories of debtors, exigent circumstances, or if the U.S. trustee or bankruptcy administrator have determined that there are insufficient approved credit counseling agencies available to provide the necessary counseling.

Means test Section 707 b 2 of the Bankruptcy Code applies a means test to determine whether an individual debtor's chapter seven filing is presumed to be an abuse of Special condition the court imposes to require an individual to undergo evaluation and treatment for the mental disorder. Treatment may include psychiatric, psychological, and sex offense-specific evaluations, inpatient or outpatient counseling, and medication.

Misdemeanor An offense punishable by one year of imprisonment or less.

Mistrial An invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again with the selection of a new jury.

Moot Not subject to a court ruling because the controversy has not actually arisen, or has stopped. P>Damages Money that a defendant pays a plaintiff in a civil case if the plaintiff has won. Damages may be compensatory for loss or injury or punitive to punish and deter future misconduct .

Creditor A person to whom or business to which the debtor owes money or that claims to be owed money by the debtor.

Debtor A person who has filed a petition for relief under the Bankruptcy Code.

Defendant An individual or business against whom a lawsuit is filed.

Magistrate judge A judicial officer of a district court who conducts initial proceedings in criminal cases, decides criminal misdemeanor cases, conducts many pretrial civil and criminal matters on behalf of district judges, and decides civil cases with the consent of the parties.

Debtor's plan A debtor's detailed description of how the debtor proposes to pay creditors' claims over a specified period of time.

Declaratory judgment A judge's statement about someone's rights. For example, a plaintiff can seek a declaratory judgment that a particular statute, as written, violates some constitutional right.

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